CHIANTI REGION

The Chianti Hills (also known as the Chianti Mountains) are a short mountain range (about 20 km) straddling the provinces of Florence, Siena and Arezzo that mark the eastern border of the Chianti region with the Valdarno and the Val di Chiana.

The highest peak is that of Monte San Michele (893 meters s.l.m.) in the town of Greve in Chianti in the province of Florence. The hills of Chianti are famous for the vineyards from which you get a wine known throughout the world.

The remaining territory is instead mainly hilly and the municipalities present in this area are part of the production area of ​​Chianti, DOCG red wine.

Food & Wine Experience

When it comes to food and wine, no other region of Italy can match the multitude of offerings here.

With such variety and quality of products, this is the premiere region to go to for wine and food enthusiasts. In terms of wine, it hosts some of the most revered and renowned appellations including the celebrated Brunello di Montalcino, the noble red of Montepulciano, and the legendary Chianti Classico.

It is also home to some of the most precious vintages in the entire world, such as the illustrious ‘Super Tuscans’ of Ornellaia and Sassicaia from Bolgheri… a truly decadent experience for both aspiring wine connoisseurs and the most experienced oenophiles amongst us.
For epicurean delights, we encourage you to dig into the Tuscan culture with a visit to Mercato Centrale, the ‘central market’ of Florence, for samplings of the most delicious local, seasonal products with one of our expert gastronomists.

Tuscan cuisine lovers should not miss the opportunity to participate in an unforgettable cooking experience with us. We offer a wide range of tailored cookery classes – suitable for beginner to advanced cooks – taking place in luxury villas, private homes or a local agriturismo (a farm featuring local produce). Get to know the secrets of the Cucina Povera (literally translated as ‘the cooking of the poor’ or ‘peasant cooking’) – including some of the simplest yet most delicious cooking techniques in the world.

Outdoor Experiences

hen it comes to outdoor activities, Tuscany is the most ideal of Italian destinations. It’s legendary and varied landscapes offer travelers an incredible range of potential experiences. Let us enthrall you as we wander through the eternal hills of Chianti, trek through the Apuan Alps, or hike in the coastal Parks of Maremma and the unspoiled expanse of the Casentino forest.

At Poggio Baronti, we have tailored a number of diverse and exceptional activities directed at all ages and aspirations.

You can cycle in Val d’Orcia or Crete Senesi, enjoy leisurely walks in the Chianti countryside, enjoy a thrilling hot air balloon ride over the verdant Tuscan hills, participate in a truffle hunt in beautiful areas such as Crete Senesi and San Miniato, go horseback riding along coastal Maremma, book a boat trip to any number of beautiful islands in the Tuscan archipelago (including Giglio and Ciannutri and so, so much more.

From a geographical point of view the boundaries of this region are quite confused and disputed and include the entire hilly area between Florence, Siena and Arezzo.

From the historical point of view it is considered Chianti the territory of the municipalities of Gaiole, Radda and Castellina, that is the old Lega del Chianti then transformed into the Province of Chianti, currently all part of the Province of Siena.

With the establishment of the Chianti wine area in 1932 that included in the Classic sub-zone, in addition to the actual area, also areas of the current Province of Florence, an expanded geographical area was created, tracing the boundaries of the wine sub-area. Many localities and even a Municipality, over the years, have also changed toponymy by adding to Chianti. Already Grand Duke Cosimo III de ‘Medici in 1716 – for example – made the area of ​​Chianti reach the area of ​​Greve and Panzano, without entering it.

Climate: The average annual rainfall is just under 800 mm in the area between Siena, Castellina in Chianti, Poggibonsi, San Gimignano and Castelfiorentino, while they are higher than 1,000 mm near the Monti del Chianti and the hills of the Montagnola Senese, to the west of the city.

A Chianti wine is any wine produced in the Chianti region, in central Tuscany, Italy. It was historically associated with a squat bottle enclosed in a straw basket, called a fiasco. However, the fiasco is only used by a few makers of the wine as most Chianti is now bottled in more standard shaped wine bottles. Baron Bettino Ricasoli (later Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Italy) created the Chianti recipe of 70% Sangiovese, 15% Canaiolo and 15% Malvasia bianca in the middle of the 19th century.

The first definition of a wine-area called Chianti was made in 1716. It described the area near the villages of Gaiole, Castellina and Radda; the so-called Lega del Chianti and later Provincia del Chianti (Chianti province).

In 1932 the Chianti area was completely re-drawn and divided in seven sub-areas: Classico, Colli Aretini, Colli Fiorentini, Colline Pisane, Colli Senesi, Montalbano and Rùfina. Most of the villages that in 1932 were suddenly included in the new Chianti Classico area added in Chianti to their name-such as Greve in Chianti which amended its name in 1972. Wines labelled “Chianti Classico” come from the biggest sub-area of Chianti, that includes the original Chianti heartland.

Only Chianti from this sub-zone may boast the black rooster seal (known in Italian as a gallo nero) on the neck of the bottle, which indicates that the producer of the wine is a member of the Chianti Classico Consortium, the local association of producers. Other variants, with the exception of Rufina from the north-east side of Florence and Montalbano in the south of Pistoia, originate in the respective named provinces: Siena for the Colli Senesi, Florence for the Colli Fiorentini, Arezzo for the Colli Aretini and Pisa for the Colline Pisane. In 1996 part of the Colli Fiorentini sub-area was renamed Montespertoli.

During the 1970s producers started to reduce the quantity of white grapes in Chianti. In 1995 it became legal to produce a Chianti with 100% Sangiovese. For a wine to retain the name of Chianti, it must be produced with at least 80% Sangiovese grapes. Aged Chianti (38 months instead of 4–7), may be labelled as Riserva. Chianti that meets more stringent requirements (lower yield, higher alcohol content and dry extract) may be labelled as Chianti Superiore, although Chianti from the “Classico” sub-area is not allowed in any event to be labelled as “Superiore”.

From 1891 to 1935 the connections from the Chianti area with Florence were ensured by the Chianti tramway, which had a capillary in San Casciano Val di Pesa and in Greve in Chianti.

VISIT CHIANTI AND START MAKING MEMORIES

Come and discover the beauty of Chianti Region and it’s amazing wines.
We never fail to impress. Soak up the sun, style, and sophistication of Tuscany and start planning your trip to Poggio Baronti today.